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What drug class causes Steven Johnson Syndrome?

What drug class causes Steven Johnson Syndrome?

Medications most likely to cause Stevens-Johnson syndrome include: Antibacterial sulfa drugs. Anti-epileptic drugs, including phenytoin (Dilantin®), carbamazepine (Tegretol®), lamotrigine (Lamictal®), and phenobarbital (Luminal®). Allopurinol (Aloprim®, Zyloprim®), a drug used to treat gout and kidney stones.

What drug causes toxic epidermal necrolysis?

Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN) and Steven-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) are serious disorders commonly caused as idiosyncratic reactions to drugs, the most common ones being oxicams, anticonvulsants, allopurinol, and sulfonamides.

What antibiotics cause SJS?

Antibiotics are the most common cause of Stevens-Johnson syndrome, followed by analgesics, cough and cold medication, NSAIDs, psycho-epileptics, and antigout drugs. Of antibiotics, penicillins and sulfa drugs are prominent culprits; ciprofloxacin has also been reported.

Is there a blood test for Stevens-Johnson syndrome?

Approach Considerations. There are no specific laboratory studies (other than biopsy) that can definitively establish the diagnosis of Stevens-Johnson syndrome. Serum levels of the following are typically elevated in patients with Stevens-Johnson syndrome: Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha.

What is Lyell’s syndrome?

Lyell’s syndrome, or toxic epidermal necrolysis, is a rare, potentially life-threatening mucocutaneous disease, usually provoked by the administration of a drug and characterized by acute necrosis of the epidermis.

Can amoxicillin cause SJS?

There have also been several other previous reports linking amoxycillin and clavulanic acid to Stevens-Johnson syndrome. According to Naranjo Adverse Drug Reaction Probability Scale, amoxycillin and clavulanic acid induced SJS was possible in our patient (a score of 4).

Is SJS genetic?

SJS/TEN is not an inherited condition. However, the genetic changes that increase the risk of developing SJS/TEN can be passed from one generation to the next.