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What are the common diseases of laboratory animals?

What are the common diseases of laboratory animals?

The various external parasites prevalent in laboratory animals include ear mites in rats, louse and flea infestations in all species, and ringworm (Trichophyton sp.) in the guinea pig. infestations. These drugs are given in drinking water or mixed with food.

How do you handle when laboratory animals are ill or diseased?

When handling laboratory animals, gloves should be worn, adequate washing facilities should be provided and prophylactic immunisation against tetanus is strongly recommended. During dissections and post-mortem examinations, gloves, aprons (preferably disposable) and safety glasses or goggles should be worn.

Do lab mice carry diseases?

Laboratory mice, rats, and rabbits may harbor a variety of viral, bacterial, parasitic, and fungal agents. Frequently, these organisms cause no overt signs of disease. However, many of the natural pathogens of these laboratory animals may alter host physiology, rendering the host unsuitable for many experimental uses.

What are the diseases caused by rats?

The following is a list of diseases spread by rats, rodents and insects that feed or travel on these rodents like: fleas, ticks or mites.


Is a bacterial infection found mainly in rodents?

Tularemia is a bacterial disease caused by Francisella tularensis and is most commonly found in wild animals (e.g., wild rodents, squirrels, rabbits, hares and beavers).

What is a laboratory animal?

In the Guide, laboratory animals (also referred to as animals) are generally defined as any vertebrate animal (i.e., traditional laboratory animals, agricultural animals, wildlife, and aquatic species) produced for or used in research, testing, or teaching.

What are 4 signs of distress in rodents?

Signs of Acute Pain

  • Protection of the painful part.
  • Vocalization (especially on movement or palpation of the painful part)
  • Licking.
  • Biting.
  • Scratching or shaking of affected area.
  • Restlessness.
  • Pacing.
  • Sweating.

What is animal hazard?

Exposure to animals or animal products can cause asthma and allergies. Animals or animal products such as dander, hair, scales, fur, saliva, and body wastes contain allergens that can cause both respiratory and skin disorders. Information on the prevention of asthma in animal handlers. Respiratory Hazards.

What are symptoms of hantavirus?

Early symptoms include fatigue, fever and muscle aches, especially in the large muscle groups—thighs, hips, back, and sometimes shoulders. These symptoms are universal. There may also be headaches, dizziness, chills, and abdominal problems, such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.

What is the symptom of leptospirosis?

Leptospirosis may occur in two phases: After the first phase (with fever, chills, headache, muscle aches, vomiting, or diarrhea) the patient may recover for a time but become ill again. If a second phase occurs, it is more severe; the person may have kidney or liver failure or meningitis.

What are the first signs of Weil’s disease?

Symptoms of Weil syndrome usually start abruptly, with headache, disturbances in consciousness, pain in muscles and abdomen, a stiff neck, lack of appetite (anorexia), chills, nausea, vomiting, and fever.

What are the symptoms of rat disease?

What kind of diseases do laboratory animals get?

The natural diseases of the laboratory animals are given: Coccidiosis (diarrhoea), pseudo tuberculosis (caseous lymph nodes) and Taenia pisiformis (numerous cysts in omentum).

What do you need to know about laboratory animals?

Care and Management of Laboratory Animals 2. Data’s of Laboratory Animals 3. Diseases. Laboratory animals in most countries are protected by the Law “Cruelty to Animals Act”. One is to obtain licence from the Home Department for using them on experimental purposes.

Where can I find the Handbook of laboratory animals?

Handbook of Laboratory Animals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20669. Suggested Citation: “DISEASES OF LABORATORY ANIMALS.” National Research Council. 1954. Handbook of Laboratory Animals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20669.

What kind of disease does a guinea pig have?

Diarrhoea due to Salmonella typhimurium is a common natural disease of rabbits, guinea pigs and mice. Coccidiosis (Protozoan disease) and pseudo tuberculosis (caused by Yersinia pseudo tuberculosis) are also common natural disease of animals.