Which chemical was responsible for Bhopal gas tragedy?

Which chemical was responsible for Bhopal gas tragedy?

methyl isocyanate gas
On December 3 1984, more than 40 tons of methyl isocyanate gas leaked from a pesticide plant in Bhopal, India, immediately killing at least 3,800 people and causing significant morbidity and premature death for many thousands more.

How was Bhopal gas tragedy managed?

In March 1985, the Indian government enacted the Bhopal Gas Leak Disaster Act as a way of ensuring that claims arising from the accident would be dealt with speedily and equitably. The Act made the government the sole representative of the victims in legal proceedings both within and outside India.

What was the reason for Bhopal gas tragedy?

The disaster happened because water entered Methyl isocyanate. The resulting reaction increased the temperature inside the tank to reach over 200 °C (392 °F). The pressure was more than the tank.

What is the famous of Bhopal?

city of lakes
Bhopal is known as the “city of lakes”; its name is a derivation of Bhoj Tal (“Bhoj’s Lake”), a lake constructed by Bhoj, a Hindu raja, in the 11th century. Today that lake is the Upper Bhopal Lake (Bada Talab), which is connected to the Lower Bhopal Lake (Chhota Talab) by an aqueduct.

What are the side effects of methyl isocyanate?

Chronic effects include pulmonary, gynecological, ocular, neurological and other complications. MIC metabolites are also toxic and some like trimethylamine exert selective toxicity on male progeny. Large quantities of highly toxic chemical waste stored in the factory premises have contaminated the soil and water.

How many tonnes of MIC escaped from the Bhopal tank?

About 30 tonnes of MIC escaped from the tank into the atmosphere in 45 to 60 minutes. This would increase to 40 tonnes within two hours time. The gases were blown in a southeasterly direction over Bhopal.

Who was responsible for the Bhopal gas disaster?

Memorial by Dutch artist Ruth Kupferschmidt for those killed and disabled by the 1984 toxic gas release. The Bhopal disaster, also referred to as the Bhopal gas tragedy, was a gas leak incident on the night of 2–3 December 1984 at the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) pesticide plant in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Which is the most toxic isocyanate in the world?

MIC is the smallest and most toxic of all isocyanates; it affected all life forms, killed nearly 8000 people within 48 hours by causing pulmonary edema, and produced lasting effects on more than 200,000 residents.