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What was the major goal of the Solar Maximum Mission satellite?

What was the major goal of the Solar Maximum Mission satellite?

The primary objective of HXRBS was to study hard X-ray spectra of solar flares on time scales as short as 10 ms. The Principal Investigator was K. Frost.

Which star is monitored by the satellite Solar Max?

Sun is monitored by the satellite Solar Max. The Solar Maximum Mission satellite which is also known as Solar Max was launched on 14 February in 1980. It was an orbital observatory equipped with various instruments for studying the sun. The observatory operated for nine months successfully.

Was there a solar maximum in 2012?

The solar storm of 2012 was an unusually large and strong coronal mass ejection (CME) event that occurred on July 23 that year….Solar storm of 2012.

The coronal mass ejection, as photographed by STEREO
Date July 23, 2012
Type Coronal mass ejection
Outcome Missed striking the Earth by nine days

How often does a solar maximum occur?

about 11 years
On average, the solar cycle takes about 11 years to go from one solar maximum to the next, with duration observed varying from 9 to 14 years.

Can astronauts land on the sun?

But if you take a look around, there’s nothing here for you to actually land on, because the sun doesn’t have any solid surface to speak of. It’s just a giant ball of hydrogen and helium gas. So instead of landing on the photosphere, you’re going to sink into it.

Which was the first satellite repaired by a space shuttle in outer space?

Solar Max astronomy satellite
1984: Shuttle astronauts retrieve the malfunctioning Solar Max astronomy satellite, fix it and send it back into orbit. It’s the first time a satellite has been repaired in space. The Solar Maximum mission had been launched Feb. 14, 1980.

What happens every 11 years on the Sun?

The Short Answer: The Sun’s magnetic field goes through a cycle, called the solar cycle. Every 11 years or so, the Sun’s magnetic field completely flips. This means that the Sun’s north and south poles switch places. Then it takes about another 11 years for the Sun’s north and south poles to flip back again.

What is the fastest any human has ever Travelled?

39,937.7 km/h
The fastest speed at which humans have travelled is 39,937.7 km/h (24,816.1 mph). The command module of Apollo 10, carrying Col. (later Lieut Gen.) Thomas Patten Stafford, USAF (b.

When was the Solar Maximum Mission launched?

The Solar Maximum Mission (SMM) was launched on 14 February 1980 to, primarily, study the Sun during the high part of the solar cycle.

When was the most recent solar minimum and maximum?

The most recent solar minimum occurred in 2008, and the sun began to ramp up in January 2010, with an M-class flare (a flare that is 10 times less powerful than the largest flares, labeled X-class). The sun has continued to get more active, with the next solar maximum predicted for 2013.

What happens to the Earth during the Solar Max?

This is followed 5-6 years later, by a period of relative quiet called “Solar Minimum”. During Solar Max, there are many sunspots, prominences, and solar storms (solar flares, and coronal mass ejections), all of which can affect communications and technology on Earth.

Why are there so many sunspots during Solar Max?

During solar max there can be hundreds of sunspots, formed when magnetic field lines just below the Sun’s surface become twisted and poke through the Solar Photosphere. Solar storms, generated above these sunspot groups blast huge quantities of EM and particle radiation into the solar system.