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What was the first international organization of Oceanography?

What was the first international organization of Oceanography?

The first international organization of oceanography was created in 1902 as the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. In 1903 the Scripps Institution of Oceanography was founded, followed by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in 1930, Virginia Institute of Marine Science in 1938,…

Why is Oceanography an important part of Earth Science?

It is an important Earth science, which covers a wide range of topics, including ecosystem dynamics; ocean currents, waves, and geophysical fluid dynamics; plate tectonics and the geology of the sea floor; and fluxes of various chemical substances and physical properties within the ocean and across its boundaries.

Who was the first scientist to study the Pacific Ocean?

Information on the currents of the Pacific Ocean was gathered by explorers of the late 18th century, including James Cook and Louis Antoine de Bougainville. James Rennell wrote the first scientific textbooks on oceanography, detailing the current flows of the Atlantic and Indian oceans.

What’s the difference between chemical oceanography and ocean chemistry?

Chemical oceanography is the study of the chemistry of the ocean. Whereas chemical oceanography is primarily occupied with the study and understanding of seawater properties and its changes, ocean chemistry focuses primarily on the geochemical cycles. The following is a central topic investigated by chemical oceanography.

What is the name of the Greek Oceanographic Institute?

Hellenic Centre for Marine Research (HCMR). Created in 2003 by merging of the former National Centre for Marine Research (NCMR) and the Institute of Marine Biology of Crete (IMBC). Department of Marine Sciences, University of the Aegean, Mytilene, Lesvos.

Which is the best Oceanography Institute in Canada?

Canada Université du Québec à Rimouski (UQAR) – Institut des Sciences de la mer (ISMER) [17] Bedford Institute of Oceanography Institute of Ocean Sciences [18] Ocean Frontier Institute (OFI) Oceanography Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia [19]