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What is Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection?

What is Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection?

Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a bacterium in the same family as those that cause cholera. It lives in brackish saltwater and causes gastrointestinal illness in humans. V. parahaemolyticus naturally inhabits coastal waters in the United States and Canada and is present in higher concentrations during summer.

Which is a common feature of V. parahaemolyticus gastroenteritis?

The most common presentation is gastroenteritis, with symptoms including diarrhea (sometimes bloody and watery) with abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, headache, chills, and low-grade fever(1).

What is a Vibrio microbiology?

Vibrio, (genus Vibrio), any of a group of comma-shaped bacteria in the family Vibrionaceae. Vibrios are microbiologically characterized as gram-negative, highly motile, facultative anaerobes (not requiring oxygen), with one to three whiplike flagella at one end.

What is the shape of Vibrio parahaemolyticus?

V. parahaemolyticus is a Gram-negative, halophilic, mesophilic, small rod that may have a single curve to its shape [3, 8].

How is Vibrio infection treated?

Treatment is not necessary in mild cases, but patients should drink plenty of liquids to replace fluids lost through diarrhea. Although there is no evidence that antibiotics decrease the severity or duration of illness, they are sometimes used in severe or prolonged illnesses.

What are symptoms of Vibrio?

When ingested, Vibrio bacteria can cause watery diarrhea, often accompanied by abdominal cramping, nausea, vomiting, fever, and chills. Usually these symptoms occur within 24 hours of ingestion and last about 3 days. Severe illness is rare and typically occurs in people with a weakened immune system.

What foods are associated with Vibrio parahaemolyticus?

What food products are commonly associated with Vibrio parahaemolyticus food poisoning? This disease is most often associated with eating raw or inadequately cooked seafood or any food contaminated by handling raw seafood or contaminated water. This disease is primarily associated with the consumption of raw oysters.

Where is Vibrio bacteria found?

Vibriosis is an intestinal disease caused by small bacteria called vibrio. Vibrio are found in fish and shellfish living in saltwater and in rivers and streams where freshwater meets saltwater. Although there are several types of vibrio, Vibrio parahaemolyticus and related species are the most common in the northwest.

How do you get Vibrio parahaemolyticus?

parahaemolyticus occur? – Most people become infected by eating raw or undercooked shellfish, particularly oysters. Less commonly, this organism can cause an infection in the skin when an open wound is exposed to warm seawater. 4.

How long does Vibrio infection last?

How long do symptoms last? Symptoms usually last about 3 days, and most people recover without treatment. People with vibriosis should drink plenty of liquids to replace fluids lost through diarrhea.

How long does it take to recover from Vibrio?

Most people with a mild case of vibriosis recover after about 3 days with no lasting effects. However, people with a Vibrio vulnificus infection can get seriously ill and need intensive care or limb amputation. About 1 in 5 people with this type of infection die, sometimes within a day or two of becoming ill.

What kind of bacteria is Vibrio parahaemolyticus found in?

Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a curved, rod-shaped, Gram-negative bacterium found in brackish, saltwater, which, when ingested, causes gastrointestinal illness in humans. V. parahaemolyticus is oxidase positive, facultatively aerobic, and does not form spores.

When do symptoms of Vibrio parahaemolyticus go away?

Signs and symptoms. The incubation period of about 24 hours is followed by explosive, watery or bloody diarrhea accompanied by nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, and sometimes fever. Symptoms typically resolve within 72 hours, but can persist for up to 10 days in immunocompromised individuals.

What kind of infections are caused by Vibrio?

Vibrio species account for a significant proportion of human infections from the consumption of raw or undercooked shellfish (96).

How long does v.parahaemolyticus food infection last?

Symptoms typically resolve within 72 hours, but can persist for up to 10 days in immunocompromised individuals. As the vast majority of cases of V. parahaemolyticus food infection are self-limiting, treatment is not typically necessary. In severe cases, fluid and electrolyte replacement is indicated.