What is valgus knee alignment?
The opposite of varus knee is valgus knee, which makes some people knock-kneed. It happens when your tibia turns outward in relation to your femur. The relationship between the positions of your femur and tibia is called tibiofemoral alignment. Ideally, the two bones should form a 180-degree alignment.
What is valgus alignment?
A valgus deformity is a condition in which the bone segment distal to a joint is angled outward, that is, angled laterally, away from the body’s midline. The opposite deformation, where the twist or angulation is directed medially, toward the center of the body, is called varus.
What does valgus knee mean?
Valgus knee deformity is defined as a tibio-femoral angle of greater than 10°. Typically, the deformity is the result of changes to both the bony and soft-tissue components around the knee.
What does valgus knee look like?
Valgus Deformity – Valgus deformity (genu valgum) causes the knees to bow inward, giving a knock-kneed appearance and putting extra pressure on the outer (lateral) compartment of the knee joint. People with Valgus deformity often cannot touch their ankles together when their knees are together.
Can valgus knees be corrected?
A valgus knee is a disabling condition that can affect patients of all ages. Antivalgus osteotomy of the knee is the treatment of choice to correct the valgus, to eliminate pain in the young or middle age patient, and to avoid or delay a total knee replacement.
Is knee crepitus serious?
Knee crepitus can happen at any age, but it is more common as people get older. It can affect one or both knees. Crepitus is often harmless, but if it happens after a trauma or if there is pain and swelling, it may need medical attention.
Is knee valgus permanent?
Genu valgum is common in young children and usually corrects itself as they grow. Up to 75 percent of children between ages 3 and 5 have knock-knees. Boston Children’s Hospital reports that in about 99 percent of these cases, genu valgum corrects itself by the time affected children are 7 or 8 years old.
Can you correct knee valgus?
Strengthening the knee and hip muscles can improve valgus knee and performing a squat with a resistance band can help improve function. Valgus knee can happen when lowering or rising out of the bottom of the squat. Resistance bands are great tools to help correct valgus knees and provide strength to your hip muscles.
Is knee valgus correctable?
Ranawat et al.  have described three grades of valgus deformity. Grade I is where the deformity is less than 10° and it is not a fixed deformity. In Grade I the medial collateral ligament is intact; hence the deformity is passively correctable.
Is knee valgus bad?
Traditionally, knee valgus (knee cave, knock knees) has always been seen as a dangerous movement that is detrimental and should be avoided at all costs. You could walk into almost any gym and you will always hear the common cue “KNEES OUT” being thrown around always.
How do you treat a knee valgus?
How is genu valgum treated?
- Weight loss. Obesity can put added stress on your knees, worsening genu valgum.
- Exercise. For most people with genu valgum, exercise can help realign and stabilize their knees.
Which is worse a valgus alignment or a varus alignment?
This is because a varus alignment causes the load-bearing axis of the leg to shift to the inside, causing more stress and force on the medial (inner) compartment of the knee. While you are at risk for knee osteoarthritis with a varus alignment, regardless of your weight, if you are overweight or obese , your risk is substantially higher than
How to fix knee valgus caused by muscle imbalances?
How to Correct Knee Valgus Caused By Muscle Imbalances: The Best Exercises to Fix Your Knock Knees 1 Stretch & Release Tight Adductors. The adductors are a group of muscles that run the length… 2 Strengthen Weak Abductors. This is not the same muscle group as we just talked about. 3 Fix Flat Feet or Collapsed Arches. Since knee valgus is often…
Which is the opposite of bow-legged knee alignment?
Being knock-kneed is the opposite of being bow-legged, but it may still result in the progression or worsening of knee osteoarthritis once it starts. 3 This is because a valgus alignment shifts the load-bearing axis to the outside, causing increased stress across the lateral (outer) compartment of the knee.
What does valgus and genu Varus stand for?
Annotated measurements are saved as an image along with a summary of the measurement data set. Genu varus, valgus or normal alignment. Mechanical axis (MA) = line from top of femoral head to mid tibial plafond. If MA medial to intercondylar notch = genu varus.