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# What is the significance of pH metric titration graph?

## What is the significance of pH metric titration graph?

For a reaction between an acid and a base, a titration is useful for measuring the pH at various points throughout the reaction. A titration curve is a graph of the pH as a function of the amount of titrant (acid or base) added.

Can a pH meter be used for potentiometric titration?

In a potentiometric acid-base titration, an indicator is not necessary. A pH meter is used to measure the pH as base is added in small increments (called aliquots) to an acid solution. To perform a potentiometric titration of an acidic solution of known molarity.

What is pH titration curve?

A titration curve is a plot showing the change in pH of the solution in the conical flask as the reagent is added from the burette. A titration curve can be used to determine: 2) The pH of the solution at equivalence point is dependent on the strength of the acid and strength of the base used in the titration.

### How do you calculate a titration curve?

Calculate the resulting pH of the solution in the conical (erlenmeyer) flask after each 1.00 mL addition of HCl(aq) and draw the resulting titration curve. Step 2: Calculate the pH of the NaOH(aq) before any HCl is added. Step 3: Calculate the pH of the solution after 1.00 mL 0.10 mol L-1 HCl has been added.

Which electrode is used in pH meter?

Fundamentally, a pH meter consists of a voltmeter attached to a pH-responsive electrode and a reference (unvarying) electrode. The pH-responsive electrode is usually glass, and the reference is usually a silver–silver chloride electrode, although a mercury–mercurous chloride (calomel) electrode is sometimes used.

What is a 1st derivative plot?

To obtain a better approximation of the volume at the equivalence point, one can do a first derivative plot. This plots the change of pH divided by the change in volume versus the volume of NaOH. This shows the change in slope of the titration curve as a function of the added volume of base.

#### How is a pH meter used in a titration?

In a potentiometric acid-base titration, an indicator is not necessary. A pH meter is used to measure the pH as base is added in small increments (called aliquots) to an acid solution. A graph is then made with pH along the vertical axis and volume of base added along the horizontal axis.

What kind of device is used for potentiometric titration?

The pH meter is an accurate and easy-to-use device for determining the pH of a solution. You will be using a pH electrode attached to the LabQuest2 interface and computer as a pH meter in this experiment. The appropriate set-up for a potentiometric titration is shown on Figure Page, Expt.

How is the pH electrode used in potentiometry?

Internal filling solution (Dilute HCL saturated with AgCl, a2) pH sensitive glass membrane Reference electrode (internal in combination electrodes) Indicator electrode Silver wire External solution (a1) Teaching Experiment EXP011 Potentiometric Titrations Page 5 of 29 TEXP011_0705 The potential of the glass indicator electrode (E

## How is the titration of phosphoric acid complicated?

The titration of a mixture of phosphoric acid and hydrochloric acid is complicated by the fact that phosphoric acid is a triprotic acid with Ka1= 7.5×10-3, Ka2= 6.2×10-8, and Ka3= 4.8×10-13. Ka1is sufficiently large that the first proton from phosphoric acid cannot be differentiated from strong acids like hydrochloric acid.