What is emotions according to philosophy?
Emotions can be understood as either states or as processes. When understood as a state (like being angry or afraid), an emotion is a type of mental state that interacts with other mental states and causes certain behaviors. Understood as a process, it is useful to divide emotion into two parts.
What does Plato say about emotions?
In the Philebus, Plato remarks that emotions typically include both pleasant and unpleasant aspects (b). Emotions mentioned in this context are anger, fear, longing, lamentation, love, jealousy, and envy (47d–50d). Another group of emotions described in negative terms is found in Timaeus 69c–d and in Laws I.
What did Aristotle believe about emotions?
In his theory, to have an emotion is to experience pain, pleasure or both, where this pain or pleasure is intentional and representational. An emotion is pain or pleasure at the emotion’s object, where that object is represented in ways that give grounds for the particular emotion experienced.
Do philosophers have emotions?
So it is not surprising that most of the great classical philosophers had recognizable theories of emotions. These theories typically conceived of emotions as a subject’s phenomenologically salient responses to significant events and as capable of triggering distinctive bodily changes and behaviors.
What are the 3 theories of emotion?
The major theories of emotion can be grouped into three main categories: physiological, neurological, and cognitive.
- Physiological theories suggest that responses within the body are responsible for emotions.
- Neurological theories propose that activity within the brain leads to emotional responses.
What is the best theory of emotion?
In psychology, emotion is often defined as a complex state of feeling that results in physical and psychological changes that influence thought and behavior.
What is emotional resonance?
Emotion Resonance is “I feel your pain”, and can be of two types: identical resonance – realizing that someone else is in pain and then actually feeling the pain yourself or reactive resonance – when you sympathize with someone else’s pain and feel inclined to help (source: Ekman’s taxonomy of compassion)
What are all the emotions in the world?
Eckman’s Facial Action Coding System Based on his theory, Ekman proposed that there are seven emotional expressions universal to people all over the world: happiness, sadness, surprise, fear, anger, disgust, and contempt.
Which is the best book about emotion and the brain?
It’s an interesting book to start with since it’s not obviously about neuroscience or emotion. No, it’s a story and, like great stories, it evokes a lot of emotions. I’ve chosen this book because it tells a very particular story, a very central one to the human condition, namely that of children.
Is it the brain or the body that causes emotion?
But there is compelling evidence to show that it is the brain that is causing these bodily, interoceptive states. The brain is appraising and thinking, and that is what is causing the emotion. It’s a complex feedback system.
Why are emotions so important to human life?
Emotions are complicated, but the key thing about them is that they’re central to human life. Some people might be sceptical about the focus on pleasure and pain because they believe emotions are social constructs, culturally created. They do have that aspect to them as well.