What are the rules for changing direct into indirect speech?

What are the rules for changing direct into indirect speech?

General rules for changing direct speech into indirect speech. Omit all inverted commas or quotation marks. End the sentence with a full stop. If the verb inside the inverted commas/quotation marks is in the present tense, change it into the corresponding past tense.

How do you change a sentence into an indirect speech?

When using indirect or reported speech, the form changes. Usually indirect speech is introduced by the verb said, as in I said, Bill said, or they said. Using the verb say in this tense, indicates that something was said in the past. In these cases, the main verb in the reported sentence is put in the past.

How do you change Past Perfect to indirect speech?


  1. The teenager said that he had pizza for lunch. The rich man said”I had 2 private jets.
  2. The rich man said that he had 2 private jets. Father said”I had passed school with 80%”
  3. Father said that he had passed school with 80% Mother said”I had not received any phone call “

What are the two basic rules of direct and indirect speech?

The first person in reported speech changes according to the subject of reporting speech. In Reported Speech change of the second person depends on the object of reporting speech. The third person remains unchanged.

What is an example of indirect speech?

Indirect speech is speech which tells you what someone said, but does not use the person’s actual words: for example, ‘They said you didn’t like it’, ‘I asked her what her plans were’, and ‘ Citizens complained about the smoke’.

What is an indirect question examples?

We call these “wh-question” words. For example, you heard the word where in “where MacDougal Street is.” But, some indirect questions do not contain wh-question words….Do You Know What an Indirect Question Is?

Direct Questions Indirect Questions
Can you help me move on Saturday? Is there any chance you could help me move on Saturday?

How do you change simple future to Indirect Speech?

The Helping verb of Future Simple tense will convert to ‘Would’ in the Indirect (reported) Speech. The Present Participle of the Future simple tense will not be affected in the Indirect Speech. For Example: Direct Speech: She said, “I will take down my Facebook account this month”.

What is indirect speech give example?

What are the examples of direct and indirect speech?

Examples of Direct Speech Converted to Indirect Speech

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
She said, “I have been waiting for him since last morning.” She said that she had been waiting for him since last morning.
She said, “I bought a book.” She said that she had bought a book.

How do you convert direct to indirect?

Rules to change Direct Speech into Indirect Speech: The tenses of the verbs inside the quotation marks and commas should be changed. For Example: Direct Speech: Raj said, ‘I have to be in the meeting by 3:00 p.m.’ Indirect Speech: Raj said that he would have to be in the meeting by 3:00 p.m.