How do I echo environment variables in Linux?

How do I echo environment variables in Linux?

We use the printf command/echo command to display values of the shell varible in Linux….A list of the commonly used variables in Linux.

System Variable Meaning To view variable value type
DISPLAY Set X display name echo $DISPLAY export DISPLAY=:0.1
EDITOR Set name of default text editor. export EDITOR=/usr/bin/vim

How do I echo an environment variable?

In the Windows Environment Select Start > All Programs > Accessories > Command Prompt. In the command window that opens, enter echo %VARIABLE%. Replace VARIABLE with the name of the environment variable.

How do I echo environment variables in terminal?

This is very easy. Just open the Terminal and run the command printenv as shown below. This will list all the environment variables currently set. However, for displaying the value of any specific environment variable run the echo $[variable name] on the terminal, as shown below.

How do I see specific environment variables in Linux?

The most used command to displays the environment variables is printenv . If the name of the variable is passed as an argument to the command, only the value of that variable is displayed. If no argument is specified, printenv prints a list of all environment variables, one variable per line.

What is PATH variable in Linux?

PATH is an environmental variable in Linux and other Unix-like operating systems that tells the shell which directories to search for executable files (i.e., ready-to-run programs) in response to commands issued by a user.

How do you set a PATH variable in Linux?


  1. Change to your home directory. cd $HOME.
  2. Open the . bashrc file.
  3. Add the following line to the file. Replace the JDK directory with the name of your java installation directory. export PATH=/usr/java//bin:$PATH.
  4. Save the file and exit. Use the source command to force Linux to reload the .

How do you set variables in bash?

The easiest way to set environment variables in Bash is to use the “export” keyword followed by the variable name, an equal sign and the value to be assigned to the environment variable.

How can I see environment variables?

How to view user and system environment variables and their values

  1. Open the Control Panel.
  2. Navigate to the following applet: Control Panel\System and Security\System.
  3. Click the “Advanced System Settings” link on the left.
  4. The Environment Variables window will appear on the screen.

How do I access environment variables?

Right-click the Computer icon and choose Properties, or in Windows Control Panel, choose System. Choose Advanced system settings. On the Advanced tab, click Environment Variables.

What is PATH environment variable in Linux?

How do I create an environment variable in Linux?

To set an environment variable on Linux, enter the following command at a shell prompt, according to which shell you are using: csh/tcsh: setenv variable value. bash/ksh: export variable=value.

What are the environmental variables in Linux?

In Linux and Unix based systems environment variables are a set of dynamic named values, stored within the system that are used by applications launched in shells or subshells. In simple words, an environment variable is a variable with a name and an associated value.

What are all the environment variables in Linux?

Here is a list of common environment variables in Linux: USER – your current username. SHELL – the path to the current command shell (for example, /bin/bash). PWD – the current working directory. HOSTNAME – the hostname of the computer. HOME – your home directory. MAIL – the location of the user’s mail spool.

How do you display environment variables in Linux?

How to show linux environment variable. printenv or env command can be use to list linux environment variables. The coreutils package contains printenv and env. Use printenv command to show linux environmental variables. The env utility can also be used to show linux environment variables. printenv to print the names and the values of each.