Which is the best definition of the word irony?
Irony is a literary device or event in which how things seem to be is in fact very different from how they actually are. If this seems like a loose definition, don’t worry—it is. Irony is a broad term that encompasses three different types of irony, each with their own specific definition: verbal irony , dramatic irony, and situational irony.
How is irony used in situational and dramatic irony?
In situational irony, both the characters and the audience are fully unaware of the implications of the real situation. In dramatic irony, the characters are oblivious of the situation, but the audience is not.
How does irony make a work of literature more intriguing?
It makes a work of literature more intriguing, and forces the readers to use their imaginations to comprehend the underlying meanings of the texts. Moreover, real life is full of ironical expressions and situations. Therefore, the use of irony brings a work of literature to the life.
How does irony play on the innocence of the victim?
Second, the ironist exploits a contradiction, incongruity, or incompatibility between the two levels. Third, irony plays upon the innocence of a character or victim. “Either a victim is confidently unaware of the very possibility of there being an upper level or point of view that invalidates his own, or an ironist pretends not to be aware of it.”
When does Jonathan Swift use the word irony?
The use of words to mean something very different from what they appear on the surface to mean. Jonathan Swift uses irony in “ A Modest Proposal ” when he suggests the eating of babies as a solution to overpopulation and starvation in Ireland.
Who is the author of the book Irony?
Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. Irony is the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning.
Irony (from Ancient Greek εἰρωνεία eirōneía ‘ dissimulation, feigned ignorance’ ), in its broadest sense, is a rhetorical device, literary technique, or event in which what on the surface appears to be the case or to be expected differs radically from what is actually the case.
What’s the irony of Merckx saying Irony?
The irony for Merckx is that one of his most impressive achievements is far from his favorite. — Joshua Robinson, WSJ, 27 June 2021 The irony of the moment: As originally planned, Black was pre-taping a big musical number that involved a lot of physicality.
Which is an example of irony in Greek tragedy?
You can also see this type of irony at play in Greek tragedies where the tragic hero is punished for their acts of hubris (excessive pride) — which was apparently the gravest sin in ancient Greece. Example: In Oedipus Rex, the title character is, unbeknownst to him, a foundling adopted by King Polybus.
Is the word irony synonymous with the word incongruous?
This sense, however, is not synonymous with “incongruous” but merely a definition of dramatic or situational irony. It is often included in definitions of irony not only that incongruity is present but also that the incongruity must reveal some aspect of human vanity or folly.
When is irony the same as coincidence and bad luck?
When the truth contradicts an expected outcome, it’s situational irony — also known as “the irony of events.” Again, just to clarify, irony is not the same as “coincidence” and “bad luck.”. If you buy a new car and then accidentally drive it into a tree, that is both coincidence and bad luck.
What is the difference between irony and situational irony?
Situational irony refers to circumstances that turn out to be the reverse of what is expected or considered appropriate. Essentially, verbal and situational irony are each a violation of a reader’s expectations and conventional knowledge.
How is verbal irony different from dramatic irony?
Verbal irony is distinguished from situational irony and dramatic irony in that it is produced intentionally by speakers. For instance, if a man exclaims, “I’m not upset!”
What is the difference between irony and satire?
Besides the three main types of irony described above, two other literary devices—sarcasm and satire—share a lot in common with irony: is a bitter, cutting, or mocking taunt used to denigrate a particular person, place, or thing. Satire is a form of social or political critique.
How is irony used as a rhetorical device?
“Irony may be used as a rhetorical device to enforce one’s meaning. It may be used . . . as a satiric device to attack a point of view or to expose folly, hypocrisy, or vanity. It may be used as a heuristic device to lead one’s readers to see that things are not so simple or certain as they seem, or perhaps not so complex or doubtful as they seem.
Which is the best definition of the word unmemorable?
— Tribune News Service, cleveland, 6 Mar. 2021 One unmemorable, formulaic tune bleeding into another leaves the listener underwhelmed by the effect. — Mark Kennedy, Star Tribune, 20 Jan. 2021 Never mind that was journalistically unmemorable, but culturally unforgettable.
Which is an example of a situational irony?
Situational irony refers to an unexpected, paradoxical, or perverse turn of events. It is an example of situational irony when, in the O. Henry story ” The Gift of the Magi ,” a young wife cuts off her hair in order to buy her husband a chain for his prized watch, but the husband sells his watch to buy his wife a comb for her beautiful hair.
Which is an example of irony in Shakespeare?
In dramatic irony, the characters are oblivious of the situation, but the audience is not. For example, in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet, we know well before the characters that they are going to die. In real life circumstances, irony may be comical, bitter, or sometimes unbearably offensive.
Where did the name Pupatella pizza come from?
Pupatella, a word spoken only in Naples, means “little doll”. Enzo’s beloved grandmother’s nickname was “Pupatella”, so we chose the name to honor her.
How is irony used in Socratic and dramatic irony?
Socratic irony is a tool used in debating; dramatic irony is what happens when the audience realizes that Romeo and Juliet’s plans will go awry. The third, and debated, use of irony regards what’s called situational irony.
When do you use the word ironic in a sentence?
Critics claim the words irony and ironic as they are used in cases lacking a striking reversal, such as “Isn’t it ironic that you called just as I was planning to call you?,” are more properly called coincidence.
Which is the best definition of a pangrammatic window?
A pangrammatic window is a block of text containing each letter of the alphabet exactly once.
What’s the irony of the e-waste Mountains?
It’s no small irony the movement is based on fraudulent data, published by the now disgraced Andrew Wakefield, an English gastroenterologist. The grand irony being that they all blame each other for, well, who’s to blame. It’s a bitter irony that the e-waste mountains collecting in the world’s poorest places actually contain a fortune.
Which is the best definition of an ironic statement?
An ironic statement usually involves the explicit expression of one attitude or evaluation, but with indications in the overall speech-situation that the speaker intends a very different, and often opposite, attitude or evaluation.
What’s the difference between irony and a coincidence?
In some cases, irony is simply irony, where something’s appearance on the surface is substantially different from the truth. Irony is often confused with coincidence. Though there is some overlap between the two terms, they are not the same thing. Coincidence describes two or more unlikely activities that share unexplainable similarities.
What is the definition of the term digitalization?
Digitalization is the generic term for the Digital Transformation of society and the economy. It describes the transition from an industrial age characterized by analogue technologies to an age of knowledge and creativity characterized by digital technologies and digital business innovation.
Why do we use ironical devices in literature?
Ironical statements and situations in literature develop readers’ interest. It makes a work of literature more intriguing, and forces the readers to use their imaginations to comprehend the underlying meanings of the texts. Moreover, real life is full of ironical expressions and situations.
What is the meaning of the word marquee?
mar·quee | mär-ˈkē . (Entry 1 of 2) 1 chiefly British : a large tent set up for an outdoor party, reception, or exhibition. 2a : a permanent canopy often of metal and glass projecting over an entrance (as of a hotel or theater) The hotel doorman was stationed under the marquee.
Which is an example of irony in Oedipus Rex?
Example: In Oedipus Rex, the title character is, unbeknownst to him, a foundling adopted by King Polybus. As an adult, Oedipus seeks out the Oracle at Delphi, who deals a prophecy: he will mate with his mother and kill his father.
How does irony relate to culture and religion?
I would like to suggest that, in these struggles of meaning and culture, irony can be a resource–and aprofoundly religious one, at that. The religious resourcefulness of irony hinges on three primary connections in which irony deals — the connections between reference and normativity, detachment and engagement, and reality and aspiration.
Which is the best definition of the word manifolding?
Define manifolding. manifolding synonyms, manifolding pronunciation, manifolding translation, English dictionary definition of manifolding. adj. 1. Many and varied; of many kinds; multiple: our manifold failings. 2. Having many features or forms: manifold intelligence. 3. Being such for a…
What is the difference between verbal irony and situational irony?
Essentially, verbal and situational irony are each a violation of a reader’s expectations and conventional knowledge. When it comes to verbal irony, the reader may be expecting a character’s statement or response to be one thing though it turns out to be the opposite.
What’s the difference between irony, sarcasm and satire?
Besides the three main types of irony described above, two other literary devices—sarcasm and satire—share a lot in common with irony: Sarcasm is a bitter, cutting, or mocking taunt used to denigrate a particular person, place, or thing.
What was the original meaning of the phronimo?
About Phronimos. According to Aristotle, as recorded in the Nicomachean Ethics, the original definition of Phronimos is a wise resource — one that others could use to answer questions about how best to live life.