What is tuberculous epididymo-orchitis?

What is tuberculous epididymo-orchitis?

Tuberculous epididymo-orchitis is an important manifestation of genitourinary tuberculosis (GUTB). 1. Many cases coexist with pulmonary TB or tuberculosis of other parts of lower genitourinary system including bladder, ureter and prostate.

Can tuberculosis cause epididymitis?

Tuberculous epididymitis can be the only manifestation of genitourinary tuberculosis. Therefore, even in the absence of clinical and laboratory markers of renal and urologic tuberculosis, all men with identifed epididymal lesions should undergo a fine needle aspiration biopsy.

Is epididymitis the same as epididymo-orchitis?

Epididymitis is inflammation of the epididymis (the coiled tube on top of the testis that provides the space and environment for sperm to mature), and epididymo-orchitis is inflammation of the epididymis and testes. Men may have swelling and tenderness or pain.

What causes epididymitis orchitis?

Bacterial orchitis Epididymitis usually is caused by an infection of the urethra or bladder that spreads to the epididymis. Often, the cause of the infection is an STI.

What causes testicular tuberculosis?

It is believed that, in most cases, TB epididymo-orchitis is developed from retrograde spread of tubercle bacilli from the affected urinary tract into the prostate via reflux, followed by canalicular spread to the seminal vesicle, deferent duct, and epididymis.

How do you get Spermatocele?

Spermatoceles happen when sperm builds up somewhere in the epididymis. Healthcare providers don’t fully understand the factors that lead to this sperm buildup. Some medical experts point to a blockage in the epididymal duct or inflammation as potential causes.

How long does epididymitis take to heal?

You should start to feel better within a few days, but it may take up to 2 weeks to fully recover. It’s important to finish the whole course of antibiotics, even if you start to feel better. There are some things you can do while you recover to help ease pain and swelling and prevent any further problems.

How is epididymitis and orchitis treated?

Antibiotics are needed to treat bacterial epididymitis and epididymo-orchitis. If the cause of the bacterial infection is an STI , your sexual partner also needs treatment. Take the entire course of antibiotics prescribed by your doctor, even if your symptoms clear up sooner, to ensure that the infection is gone.

Is testicular tuberculosis curable?

Here, we report a very rare case of left sided isolated testicular TB in a 20-year-old male who was completely cured with 6 months regimen of anti-TB chemotherapy.

How often does tuberculous epididymo orchitis occur in tuberculosis?

Tuberculous epididymo-orchitis occurs in approximately 7% of patients with tuberculosis. Tuberculosis has become a common opportunistic infection because of the rise in human immunodeficiency virus infection.

What kind of tumor is a tuberculous epididymitis?

Tuberculous Epididymitis and Epididymo-orchitis Sonographic Appearances. Clinically, patients present with a painless or slightly painful scrotal mass. The differential diagnosis of such a scrotal mass includes testicular tumor, acute infection, infarction, and granulomatous infection [ 3, 4 ].

What causes the heterogeneity of the epididymis?

The heterogeneity of the epididymis is thought to be caused by various pathologic stages of the disease, which include caseation necrosis, the presence of granulomas, and fibrosis [ 6, 7 ]. Fig. 1. —73-year-old man with tuberculosis epididymitis.

What do you see at pathology of epididymitis?

At pathology, the earliest lesions are seen as discrete or conglomerate yellowish, necrotic areas in the tail of the epididymis. The disease either regresses and heals, often with calcifications, or, more commonly, the inflammatory process progresses to involve the entire epididymis.