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What is the rough endoplasmic reticulum easy definition?

What is the rough endoplasmic reticulum easy definition?

Rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER), series of connected flattened sacs, part of a continuous membrane organelle within the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells, that plays a central role in the synthesis of proteins.

What does the rough ER Do definition for kids?

Endoplasmic reticulum is a collection of tubes that make, package, and transport proteins and fats. Rough endoplasmic reticulum has protein-making ribosomes on its surface, so it helps make and process proteins. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum helps make and process lipids and helps detoxify drugs and alcohol.

What does rough ER mean in a cell?

= Endoplasmic reticulum is a network of membranes inside a cell through which proteins and other molecules move. Proteins are assembled at organelles called ribosomes.

What is the rough ER in a school?

The rough ER is responsible for moving protein and other carbohydrates to the Golgi Bodies. Just like the Hall is a way to transports students around the school.

What is the function of RER and SER?

Introduction on Rough and Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum

RER-Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum SER-Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
They are found near the nucleus of the cell. They are found away from the nucleus in the cell.
Their function is to synthesize proteins. Their function is to synthesize lipids.

What are the two main functions of the rough endoplasmic reticulum?

The rough ER, studded with millions of membrane bound ribosomes, is involved with the production, folding, quality control and despatch of some proteins. Smooth ER is largely associated with lipid (fat) manufacture and metabolism and steroid production hormone production. It also has a detoxification function.

What is the difference between rough ER and smooth ER?

The main difference between these two terminologies is that the Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum is known for stocking the lipids and proteins. It is not bounded by ribosomes. Whereas, the Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum is bounded by the ribosomes and also stores proteins.

What does rough ER contain?

Rough endoplasmic reticulum is an organelle found in eukaryotic cells. Its main function is to produce proteins. It is made up of cisternae, tubules and vesicles. The cisternae are made up of flattened membrane disks, which are involved in the modification of proteins.

Where is rough ER located?

Rough ER lies immediately adjacent to the cell nucleus, and its membrane is continuous with the outer membrane of the nuclear envelope. The ribosomes on rough ER specialize in the synthesis of proteins that possess a signal sequence that directs them specifically to the ER for processing.

Why is a school like a cell?

The Cell Wall is like the beams in a school because it provides the school support. The Chloroplast is like the cafeteria in a school because it is where the students in a school get their energy. The Large Central Vacuole is like a swimming pool because it stores water for the swim team.

What’s an analogy for rough ER?

Analogy: The rough ER is like an assembly line because ribosomes are positioned on rough endoplasmic reticulum where the proteins are assembled. Workers gather in regions of the factory where the assembly takes place.

What is the function of RER Class 9?

1)It provides a pathway for distribution of nuclear material from one cell to other. 2)Certain enzymes present in SER synthesise fat,steroids,cholesterol. 3)RER help in transport of protein which are synthesised by ribosomes on their surface.

What’s the difference between rough ER and smooth ER?

Rough ER looks like sheets or disks of bumpy membranes while smooth ER looks more like tubes. Rough ER is called rough because it has ribosomes attached to its surface.

Why is the endoplasmic reticulum called ” rough ” and ” smooth “?

Endoplasmic Reticulum (Rough and Smooth) Quick look. Rough ER (RER) is involved in some protein production, protein folding, quality control and despatch. It is called ‘rough’ because it is studded with ribosomes. Smooth E R (SER) is associated with the production and metabolism of fats and steroid hormones.

What makes the rough ER look like under the microscope?

The rough ER is characterized by the presence of membrane-bound ribosomes that give it a distinctive appearance under the microscope. These ribosomes look like studs and distinguish the organelle from the smooth sections of the ER.

What are the side effects of being translated on the rough ER?

One of the side effects of being translated on the rough ER, with the polypeptide being translocated as an unfolded string of amino acids, is that these short stretches need to be protected until they can form their final 3-D structure, so that they do not prematurely form aggregates.