What is the contribution of Douglas McGregor in management?
He contributed much to the development of management and motivational theory. He is best known for his Theory X and Theory Y, which splits corporate thinking into two camps. Theory X holds that employees are inherently disinclined to work and needed to be strictly controlled.
Which theory given by McGregor is positive theory?
In 1960, Douglas McGregor formulated Theory X and Theory Y suggesting two aspects of human behaviour at work, or in other words, two different views of individuals (employees): one of which is negative, called as Theory X and the other is positive, so called as Theory Y.
What is McGregor’s Theory Y in terms of employee behavior and motivation?
Theory Y says that people want to be self-directed and will try to accomplish goals that they believe in. Workers can be motivated with positive incentives.
What is the leadership theory of Douglas McGregor?
According to McGregor, Theory X leadership assumes the following: Work is inherently distasteful to most people, and they will attempt to avoid work whenever possible. Most people are not ambitious, have little desire for responsibility, and prefer to be directed.
Who proposed the Z theory?
One Theory Z was developed by Abraham H. Maslow in his paper “Theory Z”, which was published in 1969 in the Journal of Transpersonal Psychology.
Why is Theory Y better?
Theory Y managers favor a more collaborative approach, centering their leadership on trust, valuing creative problem solving, and managing by way of providing their employees with tools, opportunities, and visibility to do their jobs well.
What is human relations theory?
Human relations theory: a school of organizational thought which focuses on worker satisfaction, informal workplace organizations, and a means of influencing employee productivity.
Which theory assumes people are naturally lazy?
Theory X starts from the assumption that people are naturally lazy, want to avoid work as much as possible, do not wish to take responsibility, have no ambition and prefer to be supervised. The authoritarian leadership style is therefore the most appropriate leadership style in Theory X.