Guidelines

What is meant by maternal mortality rate?

What is meant by maternal mortality rate?

Definition: The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) is defined as the number of maternal deaths during a given time period per 100,000 live births during the same time period.

What is maternal mortality in geography?

Maternal mortality is defined as the deaths of women due to causes associated with pregnancy, childbirth, and the puerperium or lying-in period.

How do you interpret maternal mortality rate?

Maternal mortality ratio = (Number of maternal deaths / Number of live births) X 100,000 The maternal mortality ratio can be calculated directly from data collected through vital registration systems, household surveys or other sources.

What is the formula of IMR?

Definition: INFANT MORTALITY RATE is the number of resident newborns in a specified geographic area (country, state, county, etc.) dying under one year of age divided by the number of resident live births for the same geographic area (for a specified time period, usually a calendar year) and multiplied by 1,000.

What is the full from of IMR?

Infant mortality rate (probability of dying between birth and age 1 per 1000 live births) Infant mortality rate (per 1000 live births) Short name: Infant mortality rate (IMR)

What are the causes of maternal mortality rate?

The major complications that account for nearly two-thirds of all maternal deaths are severe bleeding (mostly bleeding after childbirth), infections (usually after childbirth), high blood pressure during pregnancy (pre-eclampsia and eclampsia), complications from delivery and unsafe abortions.

Why is maternal mortality so high?

Inconsistent obstetric practice, increase in women with chronic conditions, and lack of maternal health data all contribute to maternal mortality in the United States.

How is MMR and IMR calculated?

Method of measurement: The maternal mortality ratio can be calculated by dividing recorded (or estimated) maternal deaths by total recorded (or estimated) live births in the same period and multiplying by 100,000.

What is IMR and MMR?

Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) and Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR), 1981 – 2020. The infant mortality rate has decreased from 9.7 per 1000 live births in 1981 to 2.0# in 2020 while the maternal mortality ratio has fluctuated between 0 and 11.2 per 100000 live births in the past 40 years.

What is IMR class 10th?

The infant mortality rate (IMR) is the number of deaths of infants under one year old per 1,000 live births. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country. 1Thank You. CBSE > Class 10 > Social Science.

How do you calculate maternal mortality rate?

Maternal mortality rates are calculated as the number of maternal deaths in a calendar year divided by the number of live births for the same period, multiplied by 100,000. The number of live births used in the denominator is an approximation of the population of pregnant women who are at risk of a maternal death.

What is the formula of maternal mortality ratio?

Formula: Maternal Death = T / D Maternal Mortality Rate = (T / D)×100 Where, T = Total Number of Direct Maternal Deaths D = Total Number of Maternal Discharges (including deaths)

What does maternal mortality ratio mean?

Maternal mortality ratio (MMR): the ratio of the number of maternal deaths during a given time period per 100,000 live births during the same time-period.

What causes maternal mortality?

The most common causes of maternal death are pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH), embolism, and obstetrical hemorrhage. Obstetrical hemorrhage is known as the most preventable cause of maternal mortality.